What’s The Chemistry behind Wood Burning?

Any chemical reaction between fuel and oxygen ignites together and becomes fire. For example, wood and gasoline. However, these two products don’t produce flame on its own because both are surrounded by oxygen. To have a good combustion, it needs high levels of fuel to generate heat and makes one set of fire.


Keep in mind that heat comes from different sorts of things. Wood burning can produce heat from friction, lightning, match, focused light or something that’s been burning. If the wood is heated over 300 degrees Fahrenheit, this starts to decompose heat and those types of materials that are made out of cellulose.

There are some materials released that are made out of volatile gases, and it is called as smoke. The production of smoke is a compound of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Moreover, its other materials are formed into as “char” that is nearly of ash or pure carbon. The wood does also contain materials that can’t be burned such as potassium and calcium. The “char” is known as charcoal which is also made of wood that’s been heated and removed nearly forming into volatile gases thus it leaves behind so much carbon. This is why you see charcoal fire doesn’t produce so much smoke.

Wood burning happens in two different reactions.

1. The volatile gases are too hot which is about 500 degrees Fahrenheit. The compound molecules are broken apart, and then the atoms are recombined to the oxygen to form products such as water and carbon dioxide. Meaning to say, it burns.

2. The char do also combine with oxygen but in a much slower type of reaction. This is why most of the charcoal during barbecue time can stay hot for a longer period.

Side effect

During a chemical reaction, there is a lot of heat which leads to the production of fire. Many fuels usually burn in just one step. For example, is the use of gasoline. As the heat vaporizes, this is the time that it burns as a volatile gas. Over the time, humans can produce and control fire.

Fire reacting to properties likes the ignitability, flame spread and heat release is the most relevant factor that could ever happen for the wood to perform fire. Charring can influence the characteristics of the property especially if the layers are protected.

Bottom line

To make a good production of wood burning, it needs enough to the higher temperature of heat for the wood to start burning. What it also depends on the way heat is produced. If the thermal properties are too damp or too low, the probability of heat is fifty-fifty. So, ensure that the materials are made of suitable materials to produce heat. This will surely come in handy in days where you might be out camping, and wood burning is all you need to keep you warm and able to cook your food.